Pregabalin, or S-(+)-3-isobutylgaba, is a lipophilic analogue of GABA. Although pregabalin is structurally related to GABA, it is inactive at GABA receptors and does not appear to mimic GABA physiologically. Pregabalin is a potent ligand for the alpha-2-delta subunit of voltagegated calcium channels in the central nervous system. It is currently being licensed for epilepsy, neuropathic pain, and generalized anxiety disorder. There are few case reports that have demonstrated safety of pregabalin in case of intoxication. We report here a case of pregabalin toxicity with a moderate pregabalin concentration that was successfully managed with conservative treatment only. The case report describes a 54-year-old man who was treated with pregabalin for generalized anxiety disorder. After having experienced a significant stress on a job the patient ingested huge amount of pregabalin (4,2 r) together with bromazepam (21 mg) and chlorimipramine (125 mg). On presentation he was conscious and alert with a stable condition of cardiovascular and respiratory systems. The serum pregabalin concentration was 20.8 mg/L but the patient did not have any signs of toxicity. Thanks to his good and stable somatic condition the patient was managed with supportive treatment only. Although anecdotal, our case report points toward safety of pregabalin following deliberate self-poisoning. Our observation is in accordance with the recent international literature underlining that pregabalin was listed as the drug injested in only 1% of fatalities, usually in combination with other drugs.
Key words: Pregabalin, intoxication, psychopharmacology, anxiety.
C.D. Miljevic, C. Crnobaric, S. Nikolic, D. Lecic-Tosevski - Full article