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Journal published by the Hellenic
Psychiatric Association


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The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) has been translated and widely used in several countries to assess anxiety and depression in general hospital patients with good results. Material-Method The HADS was administered to 521 participants (275 controls and 246 inpatients and outpatients of Internal Medicine and Surgical Departments). The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used as “gold standards” for depression and anxiety respectively. Results The HADS presented high internal consistency; Cronbach’s α=0.884 (0.829 for anxiety and 0.840 for depression) and stability (test-retest Intraclass Correlation Coefficient 0.944). Factor analysis showed a two-factor structure. The HADS showed high concurrent validity; the correlations of the scale and its subscales with the BDI and the STAI were high (0.722–0.749). Conclusions: The Greek version of HADS showed good psychometric properties and could prove as a good tool for clinicians to assess anxiety and depression in general hospital patients.

Key words: HADS, general hospital, validation.

I. Michopoulos, C. Kalkavoura, P. Michalopoulou, K. Fineti, G. Kalemi, Ml. Psarra, R. Gournellis, C. Christodoulou,A. Douzenis, P. Patapis, K. Protopapas, L. Lykouras (page 217) - Full article (Greek)